Internal Medicine Essentials
American College of Physicians

Contributors & Disclosures

IM Essentials Contributing Authors

Gauri Agarwal, MD, FACP
Assistant Regional Dean for Medical Curriculum
Clerkship Director, Integrated Medicine
University of Miami Miller School of Medicine
Miami, Florida
Erik K. Alexander, MD, FACP
Director, Medical Student Education
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Associate Professor of Medicine
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts
Irene Alexandraki, MD, MPH, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Central Florida College of Medicine
Orlando, Florida
Alpesh N. Amin, MD, MBA, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Medicine Clerkship Director
University of California, Irvine
Orange, California
Joel Appel, DO
Director, Ambulatory and Subinternship Programs
Section Chief Hematology/Oncology
Sinai-Grace Hospital
Wayne State University School of Medicine
Detroit, Michigan
Jonathan S. Appelbaum, MD, FACP
Education Director
Professor of Internal Medicine
Florida State University College of Medicine
Tallahassee, Florida
Mary Jane Barchman, MD, FACP, FASN
Professor of Medicine
Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Section of Nephrology and Hypertension
Brody School of Medicine at East Carolina University
Greenville, North Carolina
Gonzalo Bearman, MD, MPH
Professor of Medicine
Associate Hospital Epidemiologist
Virginia Commonwealth University
Richmond, Virginia
Jennifer Bequette, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine
Continuing Care Clinic Clerkship Director
University of Missouri at Kansas City School of Medicine
Kansas City, Missouri
Jennifer Bierman, MD, FACP
Primary Care Clerkship Director
Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois
Matthew J. Burday, DO, FACP
Associate Program Director
Internal Medicine Residency Program Director
Medical Student Programs
Department of Medicine, Christiana Care Health System
Newark, Delaware
Cynthia A. Burns, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor
Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Department of Internal Medicine
Section on Endocrinology & Metabolism
Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Danelle Cayea, MD, MS
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine
Baltimore, Maryland
Dennis T. Chang, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine
Co-Director, Medicine-Geriatrics Clerkship
Division of Hospital Medicine
Mount Sinai Health System
New York, New York
Joseph Charles, MD, FACP, FHM
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Division Education Coordinator
Department of Hospital Internal Medicine
4th year Clerkship Director
Mayo Clinic Hospital
Phoenix, Arizona
Mark D. Corriere, MD, FACP
Johns Hopkins University
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism
Baltimore, Maryland
Feroza Daroowalla, MD, MPH
Associate Professor, Department of Medicine
Stony Book University
Stony Brook, New York
Thomas M. DeFer, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Clerkship Director
Washington University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri
Matthew J. Diamond, DO, MS, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine, Section of Nephrology, Hypertension, and Transplant Medicine
The Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University
Augusta, Georgia
Gretchen Diemer, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine
Director of Undergraduate Medical Education
Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Reed E. Drews, MD, FACP
Program Director, Hematology-Oncology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts
Maria Dungo, MD
Associate Professor
David Geffen School of Medicine, UCLA
Division of Medical Oncology and Hematology
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California
Anne Eacker, MD, FACP
Associate Professor
Medicine Associate Dean, Student Affairs
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington
Richard S. Eisenstaedt, MD, MACP
Chair, Department of Medicine
Abington Memorial Hospital
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Temple University School of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
D. Michael Elnicki, MD, FACP
Ambulatory Clerkship Director
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Clerkship Director, Medicine
Weill Cornell Medical College
New York, New York
Mark J. Fagan, MD, FACP
Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Professor of Medicine
Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island
Sara B. Fazio, MD, FACP
Associate Professor, Harvard Medical School
Division of General Internal Medicine
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts
Jane P. Gagliardi, MD, MHS, FACP, FAPA
Assistant Professor of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Duke University School of Medicine
Durham, North Carolina
Susan Glod MD, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Penn State College of Medicine
Hershey, Pennsylvania
Roderick Go, DO
Medicine Subinternship Director
Medicine Clerkship Co-Director
Stony Book University School of Medicine
Stony Brook, New York
Alda Maria R. Gonzaga, MD, MS, FACP, FAAP
Associate Professor of Internal Medicine and Pediatrics
Program Director, Internal Medicine-Pediatrics Residency
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Eric Goren
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Perelman School of Medicine
University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Eric H. Green, MD, MSc, FACP
Program Director, Internal Medicine
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Mercy Catholic Medical Center
Drexel University College of Medicine
Philadelphia and Darby, Pennsylvania
David V. Gugliotti, MD, FACP, SFHM
Internal Medicine Discipline Leader/Clerkship Director
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine, Cleveland Clinic
Lerner College of Medicine of Case Western Reserve University
Cleveland, Ohio
Heather Harrell, MD, FACP
Clinical Associate Professor and Clerkship Director
Department of Medicine
University of Florida College of Medicine
Gainesville, Florida
Amy Hayton, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Medicine Associate Clerkship Director
Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Loma Linda, California
Brian S. Heist, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Scott Herrle, MD, MS, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
VA Pittsburgh Healthcare System
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Susan T. Hingle, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Interim Chair, Department of Medicine
Medicine Clerkship Director
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Springfield, Illinois
Martha L. Hlafka, MD
Assistant Professor, Department of Internal Medicine
Associate Director, Internal Medicine Clerkship
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Springfield, Illinois
Eric Hsieh, MD, FACP
Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Keck School of Medicine
University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California
Nadia Ismail, MD, MPH, MEd
Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas
Asra R. Khan, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine
Clerkship & Sub-I Director, Internal Medicine
Course Director, Essentials of Clinical Medicine
University of Illinois College of Medicine
Chicago, Illinois
Karen E. Kirkham, MD, FACP
Vice-Chair for Undergraduate Medical Education
Department of Internal Medicine
Boonshoft Wright State School of Medicine
Dayton, Ohio
Christopher A. Klipstein, MD
Professor of Medicine
Director, Medicine Inpatient Clerkship
University of North Carolina School of Medicine
Chapel Hill, North Carolina
Norra Kwong, MD
Endocrine Fellow
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Harvard Medical School
Boston, Massachusetts
Amalia M. Landa-Galindez, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Assistant Clerkship Director, Internal Medicine
Florida International University
Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine
Miami, Florida
Valerie J. Lang, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Director, Inpatient Internal Medicine Clerkship
University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry
Rochester, New York
Lawrence Loo, MD, MACP
Vice Chair for Education and Faculty Development
Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine
Loma Linda University School of Medicine
Loma Linda, California
Fred A. Lopez, MD, MACP
Richard Vial Professor and Vice Chair
Department of Medicine
Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana
Merry Jennifer Markham, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor, Division of Hematology-Oncology
Co-Course Director, Medicine Clerkship
University of Florida College of Medicine
Gainesville, Florida
Lianne Marks, MD, PhD, FACP
Assistant Dean for Educational Development
Regional Chair of Internal Medicine
Texas A & M College of Medicine
Baylor Scott & White Health
Round Rock, Texas
Kevin M. McKown, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health
Madison, Wisconsin
Alyssa C. McManamon, MD, FACP
Associate Clerkship Director, Department of Medicine
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Bethesda, Maryland
Chad S. Miller, MD, FACP
Director, Student Programs
Associate Program Director, Residency
Department of Internal Medicine
Tulane University Health Sciences Center
New Orleans, Louisiana
Nina Mingioni, MD, FACP, MD
Clerkship Director, Internal Medicine
Associate Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency
Jefferson Medical College
Thomas Jefferson University
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Lynda Misra, DO, FACP, MEd
Associate Dean, Undergraduate Clinical Education
Assistant Professor, Internal Medicine and Neurology
Oakland University William Beaumont School of Medicine
Rochester, Michigan
Liana Nikolaenko, MD
Fellow, Department of Hematology-Oncology
Harbor-UCLA Medical Center
Torrance, California
L. James Nixon, MD, MHPE
Professor of Medicine & Pediatrics
Vice Chair for Education, Department of Medicine
University of Minnesota Medical School
Minneapolis, Minnesota
Kendall Novoa-Takara, MD, FACP
Medicine Clerkship Site Director
University of Arizona College of Medicine
Phoenix, Arizona
Isaac O. Opole, MD, PhD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Assistant Dean for Student Affairs
Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Kansas School of Medicine
Kansas City, Kansas
Carlos Palacio, MD, MPH, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine, Department of Medicine
University of Florida College of Medicine-Jacksonville
Jacksonville, Florida
Robert Pargament, MD, FACP
Program Director
Internal Medicine Residency Program
York Hospital
York, Pennsylvania
Michael Picchioni, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Clerkship Site Director
Baystate Medical Center
Tufts University School of Medicine
Springfield, Massachusetts
Seth Politano, DO, FACP
Associate Program Director, Office of Educational Affairs
Assistant Professor of Clinical Medicine
Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California
Los Angeles, California
Nora L. Porter, MD, MPH, FACP
Professor of Medicine Co-Director, Internal Medicine Clerkship
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri
Joseph Rencic, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Tufts Medical Center
Tufts University School of Medicine
Boston, Massachusetts
Juan Reyes, MD, MPH
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Clerkship Director Internal Medicine
George Washington University School of Medicine
Washington, DC
Robert Robinson, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Clinical Medicine
Department of Internal Medicine
Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
Springfield, Illinois
Kathleen F. Ryan, MD, FACP
Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Medicine
Drexel University College of Medicine
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Mysti D.W. Schott, MD, FACP
Clinical Associate Professor of Medicine
Department of Medicine, Division of General Medicine
University of Texas Health Science Center
San Antonio School of Medicine
San Antonio, Texas
Monica Ann Shaw, MD, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Associate Dean for Medical Education
University of Louisville School of Medicine
Louisville, Kentucky
Patricia Short, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Program Director, Internal Medicine Residency
Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences
Madigan Army Medical Center
Tacoma, Washington
Leigh Simmons, MD
Assistant Professor
Clerkship Director
Harvard Medical School
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts
Madhusree Singh, MD
Associate Clinical Professor
VA San Diego Health System
University of California, San Diego
San Diego, California
Karen Szauter, MD, FACP
Co-Director, Internal Medicine Clerkship
University of Texas Medical Branch
Galveston, Texas
Harold M. Szerlip, MD, FACP, FCCP, FASN, FNKF
Professor, Department of Medicine
University of North Texas Health Sciences Center
Fort Worth, Texas
Gary Tabas, MD, FACP
Transitional Year Program Director
University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine
UPMC Shadyside
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Kimberly M. Tartaglia, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor – Clinical
Ohio State University College of Medicine
Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio
Bipin Thapa, MD, MS, FACP
Assistant Professor, Department of Medicine
Associate Clerkship Director, Internal Medicine Clerkship
Medical College of Wisconsin
Milwaukee, Wisconsin
David C. Tompkins, MD
Interim Chair, Department of Medicine
Director of Medical Education
Lutheran Medical Center
Brooklyn, New York
Robert L. Trowbridge, MD, FACP
Division Director, General Internal Medicine
Director of Student Education, Department of Medicine
Maine Medical Center
Portland, Maine
Corina Ungureanu, MD
Assistant Professor-Clinical, General Internal Medicine
Ambulatory Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Ohio State University
Columbus, Ohio
John Varras, MD
Chairman
Department of Internal Medicine
University of Nevada School of Medicine
Las Vegas, Nevada
H. Douglas Walden, MD, MPH, FACP
Professor of Medicine
Co-Director, Internal Medicine Clerkship
Saint Louis University School of Medicine
Saint Louis, Missouri
John A. Walker, MD, FACP
Professor and Vice-Chair for Education
Department of Medicine
Medicine Clerkship Director
Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School
New Brunswick, New Jersey
Sarita Warrier, MD, FACP
Assistant Professor of Medicine
Division of General Internal Medicine
Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University
Providence, Rhode Island
Joseph T. Wayne, MD, MPH, FACP
Internal Medicine Clerkship Director
Department of Internal Medicine
Albany Medical College
Albany, New York
Sean A. Whelton, MD
Associate Professor of Medicine (Rheumatology)
Clerkship Director, Internal Medicine
Georgetown University School of Medicine
Washington, DC
Jenny Wright, MD
Assistant Professor of Medicine
University of Washington School of Medicine
Seattle, Washington

IM Essentials Questions Editorial Review Board

Nawal Atwan, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Palo Alto, California
Heather Henri, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California
Poonam Hosamani, MD
Clinical Instructor, Department of Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California
Baldeep Singh, MD, FACP
Clinical Professor of Medicine
Clinical Chief, Stanford Internal Medicine
Stanford University School of Medicine
Stanford, California
Laura Vaughan, MD
Clinical Assistant Professor
Stanford University of Medicine
Stanford, California

IM Essentials Text Previous Author Acknowledgments

ACP would like to thank the following people who contributed to earlier versions of the chapters listed below.

Cardiovascular Medicine
Chapter 2: Dr. Anna C. Maio
Chapter 5: Dr. Charin L. Hanlon
Chapter 6: Dr. Steven J. Durning, Dr. Mark C. Haigney, and Dr. Suma Pokala
Chapter 7: Dr. James L. Sebastian
Endocrinology and Metabolism
Chapter 15: Dr. Melissa A. McNeil and Dr. Janine M. Frank
Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Chapter 16: Dr. Priya Radhakrishnan
Chapter 17: Dr. Brown J. McCallum
Chapter 18: Dr. Brown J. McCallum and Dr. Shalini Reddy
Chapter 19: Dr. Brown J. McCallum
Chapter 26: Dr. Brown J. McCallum
General Internal Medicine
Chapter 34: Dr. Lawrence I. Kaplan and Dr. Rosa Lee
Chapter 37: Dr. Hugo A. Alvarez
Chapter 40: Dr. Lawrence I. Kaplan
Chapter 43: Dr. Ivonne Z. Jiménez-Velázquez
Chapter 46: Dr. Hanah Polotsky and Dr. Robert Jablonover
Hematology
Chapter 50: Dr. Mark M. Udden
Chapter 51: Dr. Mark M. Udden
Chapter 52: Dr. Diane C. Sliwka
Infectious Disease
Chapter 56: Dr. Robert W. Nelson, Jr.
Chapter 64: Dr. Charin L. Hanlon
Nephrology
Chapter 69: Dr. Tomoko Tanabe
Pulmonary Medicine
Chapter 89: Dr. Kevin D. Whittle
Rheumatology
Chapter 102: Dr. Kathryn A. Naus, Dr. Kyla Lokitz, and Dr. Seth Mark Berny
Chapter 103: Dr. Saba Khan and Dr. Seth Berney